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J Immunol Methods. 1990 Aug 28;132(1):63-71.

A novel enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of antibodies to HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins based on immobilization of viral glycoproteins in microtiter wells coated with concanavalin A.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Louisiana State University School of Medicine, New Orleans 70112.

Abstract

We have developed a novel method that greatly simplifies the preparation of solid-phase HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins for use in an ELISA that detects serum antibodies to HIV envelope antigens. This method utilizes concanavalin A absorbed to wells of microtiter plates to affinity immobilize detergent-solubilized viral glycoproteins released in culture fluids of HIV-1 infected cell lines grown in serum free medium. Antibodies binding to ConA-immobilized viral antigens are detected by peroxidase-conjugated antibodies and appropriate enzyme substrates. Unlike most commercial HIV ELISAs, which utilize gp120 depleted-purified virus as the source of antigens and thus favor detection of antibodies to core antigens, the ConA envELISA is highly sensitive for detecting antibodies to native gp120, as evidenced by the strong reactivity of gp120-specific human monoclonal antibodies. Our results also suggest that representation of gp41 in the assay varies and depends on which virus infected cell lines are used for antigen production. Since this assay accurately identified 14 HIV-1 antibody positive patient sera and no false positives were detected among 16 HIV-1 negative sera, the ConA envELISA shows promise as an inexpensive assay for the serologic diagnosis of HIV infections.

PMID:
2202766
DOI:
10.1016/0022-1759(90)90399-g
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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