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Phys Rev Lett. 2011 Sep 23;107(13):136603. Epub 2011 Sep 19.

Evidence for helical edge modes in inverted InAs/GaSb quantum wells.

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1
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77251-1892, USA.

Abstract

We present an experimental study of low temperature electronic transport in the hybridization gap of inverted InAs/GaSb composite quantum wells. An electrostatic gate is used to push the Fermi level into the gap regime, where the conductance as a function of sample length and width is measured. Our analysis shows strong evidence for the existence of helical edge modes proposed by Liu et al [Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 236601 (2008)]. Edge modes persist in spite of sizable bulk conduction and show only a weak magnetic field dependence-a direct consequence of a gap opening away from the zone center.

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