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Cancer Res. 2011 Dec 15;71(24):7463-70. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-11-2449. Epub 2011 Oct 24.

PGE(2)-induced CXCL12 production and CXCR4 expression controls the accumulation of human MDSCs in ovarian cancer environment.

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1
Department of Surgery, Hillman Cancer Center, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA.

Abstract

Signals mediated by CXCL12 (SDF1) and its receptor CXCR4 are centrally involved in cancer progression, both directly by activating cancer cells and indirectly by inducing angiogenesis plus recruiting T regulatory and plasmacytoid dendritic immune cells. Here, we show that in ascites isolated from ovarian cancer patients, both CXCL12 and CXCR4 are controlled by the tumor-associated inflammatory mediator prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), which attracts myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) into the ascites microenvironment. In this setting, PGE(2) was essential both for expression of functional CXCR4 in cancer-associated MDSCs and for production of its ligand CXCL12. Frequencies of CD11b(+)CD14(+)CD33(+)CXCR4(+) MDSCs closely correlated with CXCL12 and PGE(2) levels in patient ascites. MDSCs migrated toward ovarian cancer ascites in a CXCR4-dependent manner that required COX2 activity and autocrine PGE(2) production. Inhibition of COX2 or the PGE(2) receptors EP2/EP4 in MDSCs suppressed expression of CXCR4 and MDSC responsiveness to CXCL12 or ovarian cancer ascites. Similarly, COX2 inhibition also blocked CXCL12 production in the ovarian cancer environment and its ability to attract MDSCs. Together, our findings elucidate a central role for PGE(2) in MDSC accumulation triggered by the CXCL12-CXCR4 pathway, providing a powerful rationale to target PGE(2) signaling in ovarian cancer therapy.

PMID:
22025564
PMCID:
PMC4993027
DOI:
10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-11-2449
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Conflict of interest statement

of Potential Conflicts of Interest No potential conflicts of interest were disclosed.

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