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J Am Soc Hypertens. 2012 Jan-Feb;6(1):66-72. doi: 10.1016/j.jash.2011.09.001. Epub 2011 Oct 22.

Both morning and evening dosing of nebivolol reduces trough mean blood pressure surge in hypertensive patients.

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1
Department of Medicine, Philippine General Hospital, Manila, Philippines.

Abstract

The morning blood pressure surge (MBPS) has been shown to be an independent predictor of cardiovascular events. There is insufficient evidence on the effect of nebivolol, a vasodilating β1-receptor blocker, on the MBPS when given in the morning or the evening. This is a prospective, randomized, double-blind, crossover study designed to test morning vs. evening dosing of nebivolol in nondiabetic, hypertensive patients. Patients received nebivolol 5 mg/day (force-titrated to 10 mg/day after 1 week) in the morning or evening and corresponding placebos. Patients underwent ambulatory BP monitoring at baseline and after each treatment phase. Forty-two patients were randomized, of whom 38 completed both study periods. Both morning and evening dosed nebivolol significantly lowered daytime, nighttime, and 24-hour BP after 3 weeks of treatment. Evening (but not morning) dosing significantly reduced prewaking systolic BP from baseline (8.64 ± 26.46 mm Hg, P = .048). Nebivolol given in the morning or the evening significantly reduces 24-hour BP parameters. Evening dosed nebivolol may confer some advantage over morning dosing in reducing prewaking systolic BP.

PMID:
22024668
PMCID:
PMC3750706
DOI:
10.1016/j.jash.2011.09.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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