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Hepatogastroenterology. 2011 Nov-Dec;58(112):1933-6. doi: 10.5754/hge11186.

Smad4 may help to identify a subset of colorectal cancer patients with early recurrence after curative therapy.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Loss of Smad4 function is associated with the acquisition of advanced colorectal cancer phenotypes. We investigated the role of Smad4 as a prognostic marker after curative therapy.

METHODOLOGY:

Four hundred and twenty nine consecutive colorectal cancers were analyzed by tissue microarray-based immunohistochemical assay.

RESULTS:

Smad4 protein was expressed in 61.5% (24/39), 53.1% (77/145), 41.3% (78/189) and 34.8% (16/46) of stage I, II, III and IV cancers, respectively. Lymphovascular invasion and lymph node metastasis were strongly correlated with the loss of Smad4 expression (p<0.0001 and p=0.002, respectively). Disease-free survival did not differ between Smad4-positive and Smad4-negative cancers. In stage III disease, time to recurrence after curative therapy was shorter in the Smad4-negative than in the Smad4- positive cancers (20.1±15.1 vs. 34.6 ± 34.1 months, p=0.035).

CONCLUSIONS:

Smad4 protein is of no value in predicting recurrence after curative therapy in colorectal cancer, but it may be helpful in identifying a subset of patients with early recurrence after curative therapy.

PMID:
22024061
DOI:
10.5754/hge11186
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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