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PLoS One. 2011;6(10):e25834. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0025834. Epub 2011 Oct 12.

Pulse-driven magnetoimpedance sensor detection of cardiac magnetic activity.

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1
Department of Cell Physiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

Abstract

This study sought to establish a convenient method for detecting biomagnetic activity in the heart. Electrical activity of the heart simultaneously induces a magnetic field. Detection of this magnetic activity will enable non-contact, noninvasive evaluation to be made. We improved the sensitivity of a pulse-driven magnetoimpedance (PMI) sensor, which is used as an electric compass in mobile phones and as a motion sensor of the operation handle in computer games, toward a pico-Tesla (pT) level, and measured magnetic fields on the surface of the thoracic wall in humans. The changes in magnetic field detected by this sensor synchronized with the electric activity of the electrocardiogram (ECG). The shape of the magnetic wave was largely altered by shifting the sensor position within 20 mm in parallel and/or perpendicular to the thoracic wall. The magnetic activity was maximal in the 4th intercostals near the center of the sterna. Furthermore, averaging the magnetic activity at 15 mm in the distance between the thoracic wall and the sensor demonstrated magnetic waves mimicking the P wave and QRS complex. The present study shows the application of PMI sensor in detecting cardiac magnetic activity in several healthy subjects, and suggests future applications of this technology in medicine and biology.

PMID:
22022453
PMCID:
PMC3192116
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0025834
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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