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J Forensic Dent Sci. 2011 Jan;3(1):33-7. doi: 10.4103/0975-1475.85294.

An anthropometric analysis of facial height, arch length, and palatal rugae in the Indian and Nepalese population.

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  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Peoples College of Dental Sciences & Research Centre, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

A country such as India abounds with diverse population groups with distinct anthropometric characteristics. Among these, numerous Nepalese population groups are present in different states of India comprising one of the most common immigrant races. The aim of the study is to compare two distinct races, Indians and Nepalese on the basis of facial height proportions, arch length and palatal rugae patterns and assess their significance in racial identification.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A total of 120 subjects comprising of 60 Indians and 60 Nepalese were selected, with each group including 30 males and 30 females. Facial heights were measured using sliding digital calipers, arch lengths with the help of a brass wire and rugae patterns were traced on dental casts obtained with alginate impressions.

RESULTS:

Facial height measurements did not give significant results for racial or gender identification of given races. Differences between arch length parameters were found to be significant between the two population groups. Secondary and fragmentary palatal rugae forms were found to be more common in Nepalese than Indians.

CONCLUSION:

The Indian and Nepalese have similar anthropometric characteristics with regard to facial height. However, arch length and palatal rugae characteristics vary between the two races.

KEYWORDS:

Anthropometry; Indian; Nepalese; arch length; facial height; palatal rugae

PMID:
22022137
PMCID:
PMC3190438
DOI:
10.4103/0975-1475.85294
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