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Indian J Plast Surg. 2011 May;44(2):276-82. doi: 10.4103/0970-0358.85349.

Vascular anomalies of the upper limb.

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Emeritus Professor, Dr. MGR Medical University, Tamil Nadu, Medical Director, RIGHT Hospitals, Chennai, India.


Vascular anomalies of the upper extremity are a surgical challenge to the hand surgeons. The treatment modality varies with respect to the presentation, extent of the lesion, progression and their complications. Based on our experience in treating patients with vascular malformations, a protocol has been formulated for their management, which we have found to be very useful and successful. With the use of the tumescent technique and good planning, haemangiomas are best excised in infancy or early childhood. Investigations like contrast computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging have been found to be a useful tool in the diagnosis and planning of surgery for venous malformations. Embolisation seems to be a safe option in arteriovenous malformations.


Haemangioma; vascular birthmarks; vascular malformations

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