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J Bacteriol. 2012 Jan;194(2):284-91. doi: 10.1128/JB.05816-11. Epub 2011 Oct 21.

Ultrastructure of the denitrifying methanotroph "Candidatus Methylomirabilis oxyfera," a novel polygon-shaped bacterium.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, Institute for Water and Wetland Research, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Abstract

"Candidatus Methylomirabilis oxyfera" is a newly discovered denitrifying methanotroph that is unrelated to previously known methanotrophs. This bacterium is a member of the NC10 phylum and couples methane oxidation to denitrification through a newly discovered intra-aerobic pathway. In the present study, we report the first ultrastructural study of "Ca. Methylomirabilis oxyfera" using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and electron tomography in combination with different sample preparation methods. We observed that "Ca. Methylomirabilis oxyfera" cells possess an atypical polygonal shape that is distinct from other bacterial shapes described so far. Also, an additional layer was observed as the outermost sheath, which might represent a (glyco)protein surface layer. Further, intracytoplasmic membranes, which are a common feature among proteobacterial methanotrophs, were never observed under the current growth conditions. Our results indicate that "Ca. Methylomirabilis oxyfera" is ultrastructurally distinct from other bacteria by its atypical cell shape and from the classical proteobacterial methanotrophs by its apparent lack of intracytoplasmic membranes.

PMID:
22020652
PMCID:
PMC3256638
DOI:
10.1128/JB.05816-11
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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