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Int J Biol Macromol. 2012 Jan 1;50(1):112-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2011.10.002. Epub 2011 Oct 15.

Construction of amperometric uric acid biosensor based on uricase immobilized on PBNPs/cMWCNT/PANI/Au composite.

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Department of Biochemistry, M D University, Rohtak, India.


A chitosan-glutaraldehyde crosslinked uricase was immobilized onto Prussian blue nanoparticles (PBNPs) absorbed onto carboxylated multiwalled carbon nanotube (c-MWCNT) and polyaniline (PANI) layer, electrochemically deposited on the surface of Au electrode. The nanohybrid-uricase electrode was characterized by scanning electron microscopic (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and cyclic voltammetry. An amperometric uric acid biosensor was fabricated using uricase/c-MWCNT/PBNPs/Au electrode as working electrode, Ag/AgCl as standard and Pt wire as auxiliary electrode connected through a potentiostat. The biosensor showed optimum response within 4s at pH 7.5 and 40°C, when operated at 0.4V vs. Ag/AgCl. The linear working range for uric acid was 0.005-0.8 mM, with a detection limit of 5 μM. The sensor was evaluated with 96% recovery of added uric acid in sera and 4.6 and 5.4% within and between batch of coefficient of variation respectively and a good correlation (r=0.99) with standard enzymic colorimetric method. This sensor measured uric acid in real serum samples. The sensor lost only 37% of its initial activity after its 400 uses over a period of 7 months, when stored at 4°C.

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