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J Urol. 2011 Dec;186(6):2419-25. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2011.07.086. Epub 2011 Oct 21.

Decreased expression of the epithelial Ca2+ channel TRPV5 and TRPV6 in human renal cell carcinoma associated with vitamin D receptor.

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Department of Urology, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi, Japan.



We investigated the expression of epithelial Ca(2+) channel TRPV (transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily) 5 and 6, and vitamin D receptor in primary human renal cell carcinoma and benign peritumor tissues, and assessed the possible association between TRPV5/6 and vitamin D receptor expression.


Fresh-frozen primary tumor and peritumor tissues from 27 patients diagnosed with renal cell carcinoma were analyzed for TRPV5/6 and vitamin D receptor expression by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, Western blot and immunohistochemistry.


Quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction revealed that TRPV5/6 and vitamin D receptor expression was decreased 38.11, 4.44 and 3.20 times in renal cell carcinoma vs normal kidney tissue (p = 0.012, 0.002 and 0.020, respectively). Relatively higher expression was noted for chromophobe renal cell carcinoma than for the other renal cell carcinoma subtypes. Vitamin D receptor mRNA expression significantly correlated with that of TRPV6 (r = 0.508, p = 0.007) and TRPV5 (r = 0.697, p = 0.032) in renal cell carcinoma. Western blot showed results similar to those of reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Different expression was detected between kidney and renal cell carcinoma tissue. Immunohistochemical analysis verified strong detection of TRPV5/6 and vitamin D receptor in distal nephrons but demonstrated weak or no immunostaining much more often in renal cell carcinoma.


Decreased TRPV5/V6 expression was noted in renal cell carcinoma, which correlated with vitamin D receptor. Different expression was also detected among the different renal cell carcinoma histopathological subtypes. Our observations suggest that altered vitamin D receptor expression may be associated with renal cell carcinoma carcinogenesis via TRPV5/6.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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