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Child Abuse Negl. 2011 Oct;35(10):767-82. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2011.04.011. Epub 2011 Oct 20.

Measurement of emotional/psychological child maltreatment: a review.

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1
Injury and Child Maltreatment Section, Health Surveillance and Epidemiology Division, Public Health Agency of Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Emotional/psychological child maltreatment (ECM) is a major public health problem with serious consequences including emotional and behavioral problems. Nevertheless, ECM is an understudied area.

OBJECTIVES:

The aims of this review are to identify measures of ECM and to evaluate their psychometric properties and utilities. We provide a summary of ECM measures that have been tested for their reliability and validity, evaluate the quality of these assessments and suggest directions for future research.

METHODS:

We searched PsycINFO and Medline databases from 2000 to 2010 in addition to a hand search of retrieved references; 2344 were identified and the abstracts reviewed independently by two authors to identify relevant articles. Using pre-established criteria, 144 of those articles were selected and reviewed in full to assess whether the instruments included a separate measure of ECM and its psychometric properties.

RESULTS:

Forty-five articles examining 33 measures met the inclusion criteria and were selected for further review. The majority of measures demonstrated acceptable reliability; fewer measures had evaluated one or more types of validity.

CONCLUSION:

Both reliability and validity testing are required in order to establish more accurate measures of ECM.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

Reliable and valid measures are necessary to enhance our limited knowledge about the distribution, determinants and consequences of ECM.

PMID:
22018520
DOI:
10.1016/j.chiabu.2011.04.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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