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PLoS One. 2011;6(10):e25796. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0025796. Epub 2011 Oct 10.

Safety and clinical outcome of thrombolysis in ischaemic stroke using a perfusion CT mismatch between 3 and 6 hours.

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Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.



It may be possible to thrombolyse ischaemic stroke (IS) patients up to 6 h by using penumbral imaging. We investigated whether a perfusion CT (CTP) mismatch can help to select patients for thrombolysis up to 6 h.


A cohort of 254 thrombolysed IS patients was studied. 174 (69%) were thrombolysed at 0-3 h by using non-contrast CT (NCCT), and 80 (31%) at 3-6 h (35 at 3-4.5 h and 45 at 4.5-6 h) by using CTP mismatch criteria. Symptomatic intracerebral haemorrhage (SICH), the mortality and the modified Rankin Score (mRS) were assessed at 3 months. Independent determinants of outcome in patients thrombolysed between 3 and 6 h were identified.


The baseline characteristics were comparable in the two groups. There were no differences in SICH (3% v 4%, p = 0.71), any ICH (7% v 9%, p = 0.61), or mortality (16% v 9%, p = 0.15) or mRS 0-2 at 3 months (55% v 54%, p = 0.96) between patients thrombolysed at 0-3 h (NCCT only) or at 3-6 h (CTP mismatch). There were no significant differences in outcome between patients thrombolysed at 3-4.5 h or 4.5-6 h. The NIHSS score was the only independent determinant of a mRS of 0-2 at 3 months (OR 0.89, 95% CI 0.82-0.97, p = 0.007) in patients treated using CTP mismatch criteria beyond 3 h.


The use of a CTP mismatch model may help to guide thrombolysis decisions up to 6 h after IS onset.

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