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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2011 Sep;8(9):3712-27. doi: 10.3390/ijerph8093712. Epub 2011 Sep 16.

Apparent temperature and cause-specific mortality in Copenhagen, Denmark: a case-crossover analysis.

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1
Section of Environmental Health, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Øster Farimagsgade 5A, Copenhagen DK-1014, Denmark. jawic@sund.ku.dk

Abstract

Temperature, a key climate change indicator, is expected to increase substantially in the Northern Hemisphere, with potentially grave implications for human health. This study is the first to investigate the association between the daily 3-hour maximum apparent temperature (Tapp(max)), and respiratory, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular mortality in Copenhagen (1999-2006) using a case-crossover design. Susceptibility was investigated for age, sex, socio-economic status and place of death. For an inter-quartile range (7 °C) increase in Tapp(max), an inverse association was found with cardiovascular mortality (-7% 95% CI -13%; -1%) and none with respiratory and cerebrovascular mortality. In the cold period all associations were inverse, although insignificant.

KEYWORDS:

cardiovascular; case-crossover; cerebrovascular; epidemiology; mortality; respiratory; temperature

PMID:
22016711
PMCID:
PMC3194112
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph8093712
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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