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J Cell Physiol. 2012 Aug;227(8):3088-98. doi: 10.1002/jcp.23059.

Monocytes differentiation upon treatment with a peptide corresponding to the C-terminus of activated T cell-expressed Tirc7 protein.

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GéPITOs, Université de Nice, CNRS, UMR 6235, UFR Médecine, NICE, Cedex 2, France.


Atp6v0a3 gene encodes for two alternative products, Tirc7 and a3 proteins, which are differentially expressed in activated T cells and resorbing osteoclasts, respectively. Tirc7 plays a central role in T cell activation, while a3 protein is critical for osteoclast-mediated bone matrix resorption. Based on the large body of evidences documenting the relationships between T cells and osteoclasts, we hypothesized that the extracellular C-terminus of Tirc7 protein could directly interact with osteoclast precursor cells. To address this issue, we performed the molecular cloning of a mouse Atp6v0a3 cDNA segment encoding the last 40 amino acids of Tirc7 protein, and we used this peptide as a ligand added to mouse osteoclast precursor cells. We evidenced that Tirc7-Cter peptide induced the differentiation of RAW264.7 cells into osteoclast-like cells, stimulated an autocrine/paracrine regulatory loop potentially involved in osteoclastic differentiation control, and strongly up-regulated F4/80 protein expression within multinucleated osteoclast-like cells. Using a mouse bone marrow-derived CD11b(+) cell line, or total bone marrow primary cells, we observed that similarly to Rankl, Tirc7-Cter peptide induced the formation of TRACP-positive large multinucleated cells. At last, using mouse primary monocytes purified from total bone marrow, we determined that Tirc7-Cter peptide induced the appearance of small multinucleated cells (3-4 nuclei), devoid of resorbing activity, and which displayed modulations of dendritic cell marker genes expression. In conclusion, we report for the first time on biological effects mediated by a peptide corresponding to the C-terminus of Tirc7 protein, which interfere with monocytic differentiation pathways.

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