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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Jan;97(1):E121-8. doi: 10.1210/jc.2011-0407. Epub 2011 Oct 19.

Deficit in anterior pituitary function and variable immune deficiency (DAVID) in children presenting with adrenocorticotropin deficiency and severe infections.

Author information

1
Centre de Recherche en Neurobiologie et Neurophysiologie de Marseille, Aix-Marseille Université, 13344 Marseille, France.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Among 22 independent patients from the GENHYPOPIT network who had ACTH deficiency and no identified mutation of TPIT, three of them (13.6%) displayed common variable immunodeficiency (CVID), characterized by defective Ig production.

OBJECTIVE:

Our objective was to describe an as yet unrecognized disease association.

DESIGN:

We considered the hypothesis of ACTH deficiency being associated with antipituitary autoimmunity or lymphocytic hypophysitis. In the context of a functional network between the immune and endocrine systems, we also tested the hypothesis of a common genetic cause using a candidate gene approach.

SETTING:

This was a multicentric study in three academic hospitals.

PATIENTS:

We report four patients from three unrelated families presenting with ACTH deficiency and CVID.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Detection of antipituitary autoantibodies, and sequencing of candidate genes (LIF, IKAROS, EOS) were the main outcome measures.

RESULTS:

All patients including a pedigree with two affected siblings had ACTH deficit diagnosed from 5-15 yr, with symptomatic hypoglycemia, and CVID diagnosed from 2-8 yr revealed by recurrent infections. Three of the four patients had a hypoplastic pituitary. One patient had low IGF-I and subnormal GH response to stimulation, suggesting that secretion of other pituitary hormones may also be affected. All patients proved negative for pituitary autoantibodies and had no alteration in any of the genes tested.

CONCLUSIONS:

The remarkable association of two rare disorders affecting two functionally related systems in four patients from three independent pedigrees including a familial case provides strong evidence of the existence of a disease association: deficit in anterior pituitary function and variable immune deficiency, or DAVID.

PMID:
22013103
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2011-0407
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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