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Biotechnol Prog. 2012 Jan-Feb;28(1):21-32. doi: 10.1002/btpr.727. Epub 2011 Oct 19.

Use of laccase in pulp and paper industry.

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Department of Biotechnology, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160014, India.


Laccase, through its versatile mode of action, has the potential to revolutionize the pulping and paper making industry. It not only plays a role in the delignification and brightening of the pulp but has also been described for the removal of the lipophilic extractives responsible for pitch deposition from both wood and nonwood paper pulps. Laccases are capable of improving physical, chemical, as well as mechanical properties of pulp either by forming reactive radicals with lignin or by functionalizing lignocellulosic fibers. Laccases can also target the colored and toxic compounds released as effluents from various industries and render them nontoxic through its polymerization and depolymerization reactions. This article reviews the use of both fungal and bacterial laccases in improving pulp properties and bioremediation of pulp and paper mill effluents.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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