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Mol Biosyst. 2012 Jan;8(1):327-37. doi: 10.1039/c1mb05318c. Epub 2011 Oct 18.

Occurrence of disordered patterns and homorepeats in eukaryotic and bacterial proteomes.

Author information

1
Institute of Protein Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow Region, Russia.

Abstract

Combining the motif discovery and disorder protein segment identification in PDB allows us to create the first and largest library of disordered patterns. At present the library includes 109 disordered patterns. Here we offer a comprehensive analysis of the occurrence of selected disordered patterns and 20 homorepeats of 6 residues long in 123 proteomes. 27 disordered patterns occur sparsely in all considered proteomes, but the patterns of low-complexity-homorepeats-appear more often in eukaryotic than in bacterial proteomes. A comparative analysis of the number of proteins containing homorepeats of 6 residues long and the disordered selected patterns in these proteomes has been performed. The matrices of correlation coefficients between numbers of proteins where at least once a homorepeat of six residues long for each of 20 types of amino acid residues and 109 disordered patterns from the library appears in 9 kingdoms of eukaryota and 5 phyla of bacteria have been calculated. As a rule, the correlation coefficients are higher inside the considered kingdom than between them. The largest fraction of homorepeats of 6 residues belongs to Amoebozoa proteomes (D. discoideum), 46%. Moreover, the longest uninterrupted repeats belong to S306 from D. discoideum (Amoebozoa). Homorepeats of some amino acids occur more frequently than others and the type of homorepeats varies across different proteomes, . For example, E6 appears most frequent for all considered proteomes for Chordata, Q6 for Arthropoda, S6 for Nematoda. The averaged occurrence of multiple long runs of 6 amino acids in a decreasing order for 97 eukaryotic proteomes is as follows: Q6, S6, A6, G6, N6, E6, P6, T6, D6, K6, L6, H6, R6, F6, V6, I6, Y6, C6, M6, W6, and for 26 bacterial proteomes it is A6, G6, P6, and the others occur seldom. This suggests that such short similar motifs are responsible for common functions for nonhomologous, unrelated proteins from different organisms.

PMID:
22009164
DOI:
10.1039/c1mb05318c
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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