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Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2011 Nov;89(11):769-82. doi: 10.1139/Y11-075. Epub 2011 Oct 18.

FKBP12.6 mice display temporal gender differences in cardiac Ca(2+)-signalling phenotype upon chronic pressure overload.

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Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (Inserm), UMR U698, Paris, France.


Preventing Ca(2+)-leak during diastole may provide a means to improve overall cardiac function. The immunosuppressant FK506-binding protein 12.6 (FKBP12.6) regulates ryanodine receptor-2 (RyR2) gating and binds to and inhibits calcineurin (Cn). It is also involved in the pathophysiology of heart failure (HF). Here, we investigated the effects of FKBP12.6 over-expression and gender on Ca(2+)-handling proteins (RyR2, SERCA2a/PLB, and NCX), and on pro-(CaMKII, Cn/NFAT) and anti-hypertrophic (GSK3β) signalling pathways in a thoracic aortic constriction (TAC) mouse model. Wild type mice (WT) and mice over-expressing FKBP12.6 of both genders underwent TAC or sham-operation (Sham). FKBP12.6 over-expression ameliorated post-TAC survival rates in both genders. Over time, FKBP12.6 over-expression reduced the molecular signature of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and the transition to HF (BNP and β-MHC mRNAs) and attenuated Cn/NFAT activation in TAC-males only. The gender difference in pro- and anti-hypertrophic LVH signals was time-dependent: TAC-females exhibited earlier pathological LVH associated with concomitant SERCA2a down-regulation, CaMKII activation, and GSK3β inactivation. Both genotypes showed systolic dysfunction, possibly related to down-regulated RyR2, but only FK-TAC-males exhibited preserved diastolic LV function. Although FKBP12.6 over-expression did not impact the vicious cycle of TAC-induced HF, this study reveals some subtle sequential and temporal gender differences in Ca(2+)-signalling pathways of pathological LVH.

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