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Virus Res. 2012 Mar;164(1-2):33-42. doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2011.09.041. Epub 2011 Oct 7.

Efficacy and future prospects of commercially available and experimental vaccines against porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2).

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0913, USA.

Abstract

Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the causative agent of an economically significant collection of disease syndromes in pigs, now known as porcine circovirus associated diseases (PCVADs) in the United States or porcine circovirus diseases (PCVDs) in Europe. Inactivated and subunit vaccines based on PCV2a genotype are commercially available and have been shown to be effective at decreasing mortality and increasing growth parameters in commercial swine herds. Since 2003, there has been a drastic global shift in the predominant prevalence of PCV2b genotype in swine populations, concurrently in most but not all cases with increased severity of clinical disease. Although the current commercial vaccines based on PCV2a do confer cross-protection against PCV2b, novel experimental vaccines based on PCV2b genotype such as modified live-attenuated vaccines are being developed and may provide a superior protection and reduce vaccine costs. In this review, we discuss the current understanding of the impact of PCV2 infection on the host immune response, review the efficacy of the currently available commercial PCV2 vaccines in experimental and field conditions, and provide insight into novel experimental approaches that are useful in the development of next generation vaccines against PCV2.

PMID:
22005075
DOI:
10.1016/j.virusres.2011.09.041
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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