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Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2011 Dec;23(12):1111-22. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2982.2011.01799.x. Epub 2011 Oct 17.

Synchronous phosphorylation of CPI-17 and MYPT1 is essential for inducing Ca(2+) sensitization in intestinal smooth muscle.

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Department of Veterinary Pharmacology, Graduate School of Agriculture and Life Sciences, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.



Myosin phosphatase activity is regulated by mechanisms involving the phosphorylation of CPI-17 and MYPT1, primarily based on studies with tonic-type vascular smooth muscles. This study examined how these mechanisms contribute to the regulation of contraction of a phasic-type intestinal smooth muscle.


Phosphorylation levels, tension, and Ca(2+) sensitization was detected in rat ileal smooth muscle. Key Results  In rat ileal smooth muscle, phosphorylation level of CPI-17 at Thr(38) and MYPT1 at Thr(853) , but not MYPT1 at Thr(696) , were increased with carbachol (1μmolL(-1) ) accompanied with muscle contraction. The PKC inhibitor Go6976 (1μmol L(-1) ) inhibited the carbachol-induced phosphorylation of CPI-17, whereas the Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) inhibitor, Y-27632 (10μmol L(-1) ) inhibited the carbachol-induced phosphorylation of both CPI-17 and MYPT1. Application of Go6976 or Y-27632 alone inhibited the carbachol-induced contraction; however, the combined application of these inhibitors did not inhibit the contraction in an additive manner. In β-escin-permeabilized ileal strip, treatment with antiphosphorylated antibodies for CPI-17 at Thr(38) and MYPT1 at Thr(853) and Thr(696) alone almost completely abolished the Ca(2+) sensitization due to carbachol with GTP.


In conclusion, receptor stimulation increases the Ca(2+) sensitivity of contractile elements through CPI-17 phosphorylation via the PKC/ROCK pathways and MYPT1 phosphorylation via the ROCK pathway, when these mechanisms operate cooperatively and/or synchronously in intestinal smooth muscle.

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