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Clin Transplant. 2012 May-Jun;26(3):454-60. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-0012.2011.01530.x. Epub 2011 Oct 17.

Post-reperfusion syndrome during isolated intestinal transplantation: outcome and predictors.

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Department of Anesthesiology, Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.



Post-reperfusion syndrome (PRS) during isolated intestinal transplantation (ITx) is characterized by decreased systemic blood pressure, systemic vascular resistance, and cardiac output and by a moderate increased pulmonary arterial pressure. We hypothesize that the more severe PRS causes a poorer long-term outcome. The primary aim of this study was to determine the independent clinical predictors of intra-operative PRS, as well as to investigate the link between the severity of PRS and the intra-operative profiles and to examine the post-operative complications and their relationship with transplant outcome.


This observational study was conducted on 27 patients undergoing isolated ITx in a single adult liver and multivisceral transplantation center. PRS was considered when the mean arterial blood pressure was 30% lower than the pre-unclamping value and lasted for at least one min within 10 min after unclamping.


The main results of this study can be summarized in two findings: in patients undergoing ITx, the duration of cold ischemia and the pre-operative glomerular filtration rate were independent predictors of PRS and the occurrence of intra-operative PRS was associated with significantly more frequent post-operative renal failure and early post-operative death.

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