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Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2012 Feb;12(1):70-5. doi: 10.1007/s11910-011-0236-5.

Enzyme replacement therapy for Pompe disease.

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Department of Neurosciences, Neuromuscular Laboratory, Campus Pietro d'Abano, University of Padova, Via Orus 2, 35129, Padova, Italy.


Late-onset glycogenosis type II (glycogen storage disease type II [GSDII]) is a rare autosomal disorder caused by deficiency of acid maltase, a lysosomal enzyme that hydrolyzes glycogen to glucose. Recently, both infantile and adult GSDII patients have been treated with enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), and a number of studies including large cohorts of GSDII patients have recently demonstrated that ERT is effective in modifying the natural course of the disease. The opportunity of this new treatment gave new hope to patients, but also an important impulse to the research on every feature of the disease, leading to a deeper knowledge on the response to treatment, on clinical manifestations, and on pathophysiologic aspects such as the role of autophagy and immune status.

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