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Cell Mol Life Sci. 2012 Mar;69(6):857-96. doi: 10.1007/s00018-011-0844-x. Epub 2011 Oct 16.

The dynorphin/κ-opioid receptor system and its role in psychiatric disorders.

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1
Integrative Neuroscience Section, Integrative Neuroscience Research Branch, NIDA-IRP, NIH, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.

Abstract

The dynorphin/κ-opioid receptor system has been implicated in the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of several psychiatric disorders. In the present review, we present evidence indicating a key role for this system in modulating neurotransmission in brain circuits that subserve mood, motivation, and cognitive function. We overview the pharmacology, signaling, post-translational, post-transcriptional, transcriptional, epigenetic and cis regulation of the dynorphin/κ-opioid receptor system, and critically review functional neuroanatomical, neurochemical, and pharmacological evidence, suggesting that alterations in this system may contribute to affective disorders, drug addiction, and schizophrenia. We also overview the dynorphin/κ-opioid receptor system in the genetics of psychiatric disorders and discuss implications of the reviewed material for therapeutics development.

PMID:
22002579
DOI:
10.1007/s00018-011-0844-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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