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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2011 Dec;71(4):391-5. doi: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2011.08.023. Epub 2011 Oct 15.

Evaluation of third-generation RIDASCREEN enzyme immunoassay for the detection of norovirus antigens in stool samples of hospitalized children in Belém, Pará, Brazil.

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1
Seção de Virologia, Instituto Evandro Chagas, Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde, Ministério da Saúde, Ananindeua, Pará, Brasil.

Abstract

Noroviruses (NoVs) are major agents of gastroenteritis outbreaks and hospitalization worldwide. This study evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of the commercially available third-generation RIDASCREEN® Norovirus Enzyme Immunoassay (EIA) kit in comparison to the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to detect NoVs in hospitalized children with gastroenteritis. An agreement of 88% (81/92) was observed when comparing EIA with RT-PCR. A sensitivity of 92% and a specificity of 83.3% were demonstrated. Eleven samples were positive by 1 method only (4 RT-PCR/7 EIA). Fourteen samples were sequenced and all classified as NoV genogroup GII-4. The 7 positive only by EIA were also evaluated by electron microscopy, and in 3 (42.9%) samples viral particles with a suggestive morphology of NoVs were visualized. These same samples were tested by seminested-RT-PCR with a positivity of 85.7%. The results obtained in this study demonstrated a significant improvement in the sensitivity and specificity of this updated assay.

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