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J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem. 2012 Dec;27(6):861-7. doi: 10.3109/14756366.2011.622272. Epub 2011 Oct 15.

BPTES inhibition of hGA(124-551), a truncated form of human kidney-type glutaminase.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA.


The initial transcript of the GLS1 gene undergoes alternative splicing to produce two glutaminase variants (KGA and GAC) that contain unique C-terminal sequences. A truncated form of human glutaminase (hGA(124-551)) that lacks either C-terminal sequence was expressed in E.Coli and purified. This construct exhibits a hyperbolic glutamine saturation profile (K(m) of 1.6 mM). BPTES, bis-2[5-phenylacetamido-1,2,4-thiadiazol-2-yl]ethylsulfide, functions as a potent uncompetitive inhibitor of this construct (K(i) of 0.2 ┬ÁM). The hGA(124-551) is inactive in the absence of phosphate, but exhibits a hyperbolic phosphate-dependent activation profile that is also inhibited by BPTES. Gel filtration studies indicate that hGA(124-551) forms a dimer in the absence or presence of 100 mM phosphate, whereas addition of BPTES causes the formation of an inactive tetramer. The combined data indicate that BPTES inhibits human glutaminase by a novel mechanism and that BPTES is a potential lead compound for development of an effective cancer chemotherapeutic agent.

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