Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Altern Complement Med. 2011 Oct;17(10):931-8. doi: 10.1089/acm.2010.0645. Epub 2011 Oct 14.

Changes in mindfulness, well-being, and sleep quality in college students through taijiquan courses: a cohort control study.

Author information

1
Department of Human Development and Psychological Counseling, Appalachian State Universite, Boone, NC 28608, USA. caldwllkl@appstate.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study sought to determine whether participants in taijiquan classes would report increases in mindfulness greater than that of a comparison group, and whether changes in mindfulness were associated with improvements in mood, perceived stress, self-regulatory self-efficacy, and sleep quality.

DESIGN:

The study design was quasi-experimental with repeated measures.

SETTINGS/LOCATION:

The study was set in a midsized public university.

SUBJECTS:

Students aged 18-48 years old enrolled in 15-week courses of either taijiquan (n=76) or special recreation (control group, n=132).

INTERVENTION:

Chen-style taijiquan classes were offered 2 times per week for 50 minutes each time.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

Self-report of mindfulness (Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire), mood (Four Dimensional Mood Scale), perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale), self-regulatory self-efficacy (Self-regulatory Self-Efficacy Scale), and sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index).

RESULTS:

Increases in total mindfulness scores occurred only in the taijiquan group, not in the control group. All well-being variables showed a pattern of improvement in the taijiquan group, with either stability or decline over time in the control group. Increases in mindfulness were significantly correlated with improvements on all well-being measures and with sleep quality.

CONCLUSIONS:

Relative to a recreation control group, taijiquan classes for college students are associated with increased mindfulness and improved sleep quality, mood, and perceived stress, but not self-regulatory self-efficacy. Randomized control design studies are needed to substantiate the causal role of taijiquan exercise in the development of mindfulness and associated improvements in well-being.

PMID:
21999153
PMCID:
PMC3199537
DOI:
10.1089/acm.2010.0645
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center