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Matern Child Health J. 2012 Aug;16(6):1164-72. doi: 10.1007/s10995-011-0894-6.

Utility of a summative scale based on the Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN) Screener to identify CSHCN with special dental care needs.

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1
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 236 Brauer Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. hiroko_iida@dentistry.unc.edu

Abstract

Our objective was to determine if a summative scale reflecting the number of positive criteria on the Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN) Screener is useful in identifying subgroups of CSHCN at risk for poorer oral health and unmet dental care needs and who should be considered to have special dental care needs. Data were analyzed for a population-based sample of 91,642 US children <18 years from the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health. The independent variable of interest was the summative number of positive CSHCN Screener criteria. Dependent variables were parent-perceived condition of child's teeth, toothache, cavities, broken teeth, bleeding gums in the previous 6 months, and unmet dental care needs in the past 12 months. Descriptive and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed for each outcome using the survey command in Stata to account for the sampling design. A summative scale based on the number of positive CSHCN Screener criteria was independently associated with various parent-perceived poorer oral health outcomes in children. CSHCN who met 4 or 5 screener criteria had 4 and 4.5 times, respectively, the odds of having fair-poor condition of teeth and bleeding gums relative to non-CSHCN. They also had 87% higher odds for parent-perceived toothache and 2 and 2.5 times the odds of having recent broken teeth and unmet dental care needs relative to non-CSHCN, respectively. There was no dose-dependent association between summative number of positive CSHCN Screener criteria and reported cavities in children. Application of a summative score based on the CSHCN Screener has utility in identifying the CSHCN subgroup with special dental care needs.

PMID:
21997705
DOI:
10.1007/s10995-011-0894-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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