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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Dec;96(12):E1982-9. doi: 10.1210/jc.2011-0587. Epub 2011 Oct 12.

Change in undercarboxylated osteocalcin is associated with changes in body weight, fat mass, and adiponectin: parathyroid hormone (1-84) or alendronate therapy in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis (the PaTH study).

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143, USA. anne.schafer@ucsf.edu

Abstract

CONTEXT:

The undercarboxylated form of the osteoblast-secreted protein osteocalcin has favorable effects on fat and glucose metabolism in mice. In human subjects, cross-sectional studies suggest a relevant association.

OBJECTIVE:

We investigated whether changes in undercarboxylated osteocalcin (ucOC) during osteoporosis treatment are associated with changes in metabolic parameters.

DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND INTERVENTIONS:

We measured ucOC in sera from a subset of osteoporotic postmenopausal women who were treated with PTH(1-84) or alendronate (n = 64 and n = 33, respectively) during the Parathyroid Hormone and Alendronate study.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

We measured serum adiponectin, leptin, and insulin and analyzed existing data on body weight, fat mass, and serum glucose concentration. Three-month changes in ucOC levels were evaluated as predictors of 12-month changes in indices of fat and glucose metabolism.

RESULTS:

ucOC levels increased with PTH(1-84) and decreased with alendronate administration (P ≤ 0.01 for both treatment groups). Three-month change in ucOC was inversely associated with 12-month changes in body weight (standardized β = -0.25, P = 0.04) and fat mass (β = -0.23, P = 0.06), after adjustment for the treatment group. Three-month change in ucOC was positively associated with a 12-month change in adiponectin (β = 0.30, P = 0.01), independent of change in fat mass. There were no interactions between treatment and change in ucOC on changes in weight, fat mass, or adiponectin.

CONCLUSIONS:

PTH(1-84) increases and alendronate decreases ucOC levels. Changes in ucOC induced by PTH(1-84) and alendronate are associated with changes in metabolic indices. These associations are consistent with observations from animal models and support a role for ucOC in the skeletal regulation of energy metabolism in humans.

PMID:
21994958
PMCID:
PMC3232610
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2011-0587
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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