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Bioconjug Chem. 2012 Feb 15;23(2):147-57. doi: 10.1021/bc200377d. Epub 2011 Oct 27.

Cellular uptake and intracellular trafficking of antisense and siRNA oligonucleotides.

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1
Division of Molecular Pharmaceutics, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA. arjay@med.unc.edu

Abstract

Significant progress is being made concerning the development of oligonucleotides as therapeutic agents. Studies with antisense, siRNA, and other forms of oligonucleotides have shown promise in cellular and animal models and in some clinical studies. Nonetheless, our understanding of how oligonucleotides function in cells and tissues is really quite limited. One major issue concerns the modes of uptake and intracellular trafficking of oligonucleotides, whether as "free" molecules or linked to various delivery moieties such as nanoparticles or targeting ligands. In this review, we examine the recent literature on oligonucleotide internalization and subcellular trafficking in the context of current insights into the basic machinery for endocytosis and intracellular vesicular traffic.

PMID:
21992697
PMCID:
PMC3288458
DOI:
10.1021/bc200377d
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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