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J Chem Phys. 2011 Oct 7;135(13):134306. doi: 10.1063/1.3645107.

OH···X (X = O, S) hydrogen bonding in thetrahydrofuran and tetrahydrothiophene.

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Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai 400 005, India.


In this article, hydrogen bonding interaction between p-cresol (p-CR) and cyclic ether, tetrahydrofuran (THF) and thioether, tetrahydrothiophene (THT) has been investigated. Two-color resonantly enhanced two-photon ionization in conjunction with the fluorescence detected IR (FDIR) spectroscopy was used to record the changes in the OH stretching frequency in these complexes. The FDIR spectra showed existence of a single conformer of the p-CR·THF and two conformers of the p-CR·THT complex. With the help of computed IR spectra and atoms-in-molecules analysis, the two conformers of p-CR·THT were assigned as the complex of p-CR with THT (C(2))/THT (C(S)). The redshift of OH stretching frequency for the p-CR·THF complex was greater compared to those for the conformers of the p-CR·THT complex. The binding energies of the p-CR·THF and p-CR·THT complexes were computed to be 7.42 and 6.15 kcal/mole. These were of the same order as those for the acyclic analogs, diethylether (DEE), and diethylsulfide (DES), of the solvent molecules under investigation. Although the DEE and THF consist of same number of carbon atoms, the dispersion energy contribution was much higher (43%) for DEE than that for THF (30%). In the case of sulfur analogs, however, it was similar (~50%) in the case of both DES well as THT complexes. All the computed H-bond indicators for these two complexes nicely correlate with the observed redshift of the O-H stretch.

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