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Rhinology. 2011 Oct;49(4):420-8. doi: 10.4193/Rhino11.101.

A multi-centre study on quality of life and absenteeism in patients with CRS referred for endoscopic surgery.

Author information

1
Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden. pernilla.sahlstrand_johnson@med.lu.se

Abstract

AIMS:

This study summarises the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) scores and absenteeism caused by sinus problems in patients awaiting surgery with the diagnoses recurrent acute rhinosinusitis (RARS), chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRS+NP) or CRS without nasal polyps (CRS-NP), in a prospective multi-centre study.

METHODOLOGY:

Two hundred and seven patients with RARS, CRS+NP or CRS-NP were enrolled. EP3OS definitions of CRS and NP were used. The patients completed the 22 Sinonasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22), the short-form 36-item questionnaire (SF-36), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD) and a total Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) regarding rhinosinusitis symptoms.

RESULTS:

SNOT-22 and VAS scores indicated severe disease. Comparison of the HRQOL scores in the three rhinosinusitis subgroups showed statistical differences in nine of the SNOT-22 items and in the SF-36 subscale of bodily pain. Mean scores of SF-36 were significantly lower than that of the normal Swedish population. According to the HAD scores, 28% of the patients had probable or possible anxiety or depression disorder. Fifty-seven percent of the patients reported absenteeism from work due to sinus problems.

CONCLUSIONS:

RARS, CRS+NP and CRS-NP significantly decrease HRQOL. Some statistically significant differences in HRQOL were found between the three rhinosinusitis subgroups. Absenteeism due to chronic sinus conditions is considerable.

PMID:
21991567
DOI:
10.4193/Rhino11.101
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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