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Dermatol Clin. 1990 Jul;8(3):469-78.

Gynecomastia. Treatment by liposuction subcutaneous mastectomy.

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Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Haverford Community Hospital, Pennsylvania.


Gynecomastia is a common finding in both adolescents and mature adult males. The previous surgical techniques of direct subcutaneous mastectomy were associated with high frequency of complications and unsatisfactory aesthetic results. Application of liposuction techniques to the prepectoral region has provided an effective and safe technique for reliably contouring and reducing the prepectoral region. The technique described in this article includes proper placement of the incision, the injection of low-dose Xylocaine and epinephrine, and the utilization of three different types of cannulas to significantly reduce the tissue mound. The author has operated upon 60 patients utilizing this technique without having a single operative complication.

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