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J Trop Pediatr. 2012 Aug;58(4):258-62. doi: 10.1093/tropej/fmr089. Epub 2011 Oct 11.

Knowledge of malaria among women of Burundi and its impact on the incidence of the disease.

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Department of Maternal and Pediatric Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy.


In order to investigate whether the persistently high incidence of malaria in Burundi is due to a lack of knowledge of the disease, mothers of children admitted to the hospital of Kiremba in Burundi were anonymously administered a semi-structured questionnaire about malaria. A total of 539 questionnaires were evaluated. About 75% of the women knew that malaria is transmitted by mosquitoes, and respectively 58.3 and 23.9% knew that it could lead to the death of a fetus or a low birth weight. Fewer than half of the women (44.7%) knew that malaria can be definitely diagnosed by means of a blood examination and only 39.7% indicates that artesunate-amodiaquine was the first-line therapy recommended by the Burundian health authorities. Long-lasting insecticidal or insecticide-treated nets were used by only 33.0%. Burundian women generally know little about malaria. Public awareness programmes should be conducted before any malaria control initiatives are planned.

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