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Crit Pathw Cardiol. 2011 Jun;10(2):93-8. doi: 10.1097/HPC.0b013e318221e7dd.

Digoxin: clinical highlights: a review of digoxin and its use in contemporary medicine.

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From the Departments of *Pharmacy and †Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA.


Digoxin is the oldest cardiac medication used in contemporary medicine. With a complex pharmacokinetic profile and narrow therapeutic index, its use in managing patients with atrial arrhythmias or heart failure can present a challenge to today's clinicians. Digoxin dosing based on patient-specific factors such as age, lean body weight, and renal function will allow practitioners to minimize drug toxicity while maintaining clinical efficacy. The ability to recognize digoxin overdose, which can manifest in both the acute and chronic settings, helps guide the appropriate dosing of digoxin immune globulins to reverse toxicity. Understanding this unique medication is essential for clinicians to ensure digoxin is used safely and effectively in practice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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