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J Pharm Pract. 2012 Apr;25(2):169-79. doi: 10.1177/0897190011418513. Epub 2011 Oct 10.

A randomized study to assess the impact of pharmacist counseling of employer-based health plan beneficiaries with diabetes: the EMPOWER study.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Oregon State University/Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU), Portland, OR, USA. Dale.Kraemer@Jax.UFL.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the impact of pharmacist counseling on empowering people with diabetes to better self-care.

INTRODUCTION:

Community-based pharmacists can play a key role in educating and empowering people in such programs.

METHODS:

A randomized trial compared the effects of pharmacist counseling (intervention group) with printed materials (control group) in diabetic beneficiaries of several employer-based health care plans. All participants also received waiver of out-of-pocket expenses for diabetic-related medications and supplies. Clinical, humanistic, and claim outcomes were evaluated at baseline and at 1 year follow-up.

RESULTS:

Sixty-seven beneficiaries participated in this study. The 0.50% decrease from baseline in glycosylated hemoglobin (A1c) was statistically significant (P = .0008) in the intervention group and the difference between the groups approached statistical significance (P = .076). Beneficiaries in both groups had greater claim costs for diabetic-related medications and supplies during the study year. Both groups also improved in ability to manage their diabetes with the counseling group showing a significantly better understanding of diabetes (P = .0024).

CONCLUSION:

There was a trend toward improvement in A1c in patients counseled by pharmacist with an increased utilization of diabetes-related medications and supplies. Counseling also improved diabetes knowledge and empowered patients to better diabetes management.

PMID:
21987530
DOI:
10.1177/0897190011418513
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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