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Vaccine. 2011 Nov 28;29(51):9544-50. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.09.097. Epub 2011 Oct 8.

Safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of inactivated trivalent seasonal influenza vaccine administered with a needle-free disposable-syringe jet injector.

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  • 1Division of Geomedicine, Department of Medicine, Center for Vaccine Development, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States.



Jet injectors (JIs) avoid safety drawbacks of needle-syringe (N-S) while generating similar immune responses. A new generation of disposable-syringe jet injectors (DSJIs) overcomes the cross-contamination risk of multi-use-nozzle devices used in 20th-century campaigns. In the first study in humans, the newly-US-licensed LectraJet(®) model M3 RA DSJI was compared to N-S.


Sixty healthy adults received one 0.5 mL intramuscular dose of the 2009-2010 seasonal, trivalent, inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV) in randomized, double-masked fashion by either DSJI (n=30) or N-S (n=30). Adverse reactions were monitored for 90 days after injection, and serologic responses assayed by hemagglutination inhibition (HI) at days 28 and 90.


There were no related serious adverse events (SAEs), nor differing rates of unsolicited AEs between DSJI and N-S. Solicited erythema and induration occurred more often after DSJI, but were transient and well-tolerated; a trend was noted for fewer systemic reactions by DSJI. Pre-vaccination HI geometric mean titers (GMT) increased by 28 days for H1N1, H3N2, and B antigens by 13-, 14-, and 8-fold via DSJI, and by 7-, 10-, and 7-fold for N-S, respectively. No trending differences in GMT, seroconversion, or seroprotection were noted; sample sizes precluded non-inferiority assessment.


DSJI delivery of TIV is well-tolerated and immunogenic.

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