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J Int Med Res. 2011;39(4):1239-52.

Protective effect of lycopene against radiation-induced hepatic toxicity in rats.

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1
Department of Radiation Oncology, Ondokuz Mayis University, School of Medicine, Samsun, Turkey. admeydan@omu.edu.tr

Abstract

The radioprotective effect of lycopene against liver damage was investigated in 80 female Sprague Dawley rats (10 per group). Early-group rats included: controls (group 1), lycopene (group 2), radiotherapy alone (group 3), and lycopene + radiotherapy (group 4). Lycopene (5 mg/kg per day) was administered orally for 7 days; single-fraction 8 Gy abdominopelvic radiotherapy was administered on day 8. Early-group rats were sacrificed on day 10. Late-group rats (groups 5-8) underwent treatment with the same regimens but, in groups 6 and 8, lycopene was administered until all rats were sacrificed, 60 days postradiotherapy. Liver malondialdehyde levels increased significantly and glutathione (GSH) levels, GSH-peroxidase (GSH-Px) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity decreased significantly in radiotherapy versus control groups. In lycopene + radiotherapy groups, malondialdehyde levels decreased significantly and GSH levels, GSH-Px and SOD activity increased significantly compared with radiotherapy groups. No significant between-group histo pathological differences were observed in early groups; in late groups, histopathological changes increased significantly in the radiotherapy group versus control group. A significant decrease in histopathological changes occurred in the lycopene + radiotherapy group compared with the radiotherapy group. Lycopene supplementation significantly reduced radiotherapy-induced oxidative liver injury.

PMID:
21986126
DOI:
10.1177/147323001103900412
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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