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Indian J Med Res. 2011 Sep;134:362-8.

Mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit typing in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Sichuan province in China.

Author information

1
College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Sichuan, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES:

Emergence and spread of drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a serious threat to tuberculosis (TB) control programme. Therefore, the objective of this study was to genotype drug-resistant M. tuberculosis strains isolated from patients in Sichuan, China, using Mycobacterial Interspersed Repetitive Units (MIRU) for epidemiological analysis.

METHODS:

Drug-resistance testing of M. tuberculosis isolates from pulmonary TB patients was confirmed by proportion method. Twelve MIRU loci were analyzed on 80 drug-resistant and 9 susceptible isolates by polymerase chain reaction and agarose gel electrophoresis. Hunter-Gaston discriminatory index (HGI) values were determined for each 12 MIRU loci for the evaluation of their discrimination power.

RESULTS:

Among 12 MIRU loci examined, polymorphic bands could be generated on 11 loci. Sixty five isolates had distinct MIRU patterns, while other 24 belonged to 8 clusters and resistant to at least one anti-TB drug tested. The association between the MIRU patterns and the mutation patterns of drug-resistance relevant target genes was not significant among the drug-resistant isolates.

INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSIONS:

The results showed that with a satisfactory discrimination power exhibited, the 12 loci based MIRU typing could be a valuable tool for epidemiological studies in M. tuberculosis isolates from Sichuan.

PMID:
21985820
PMCID:
PMC3193718
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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