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J Physiol Biochem. 2012 Mar;68(1):71-6. doi: 10.1007/s13105-011-0120-4. Epub 2011 Oct 8.

Effect of the melanocortin-3 receptor Thr6Lys and Val81Ile genetic variants on body composition and substrate oxidation in Chilean obese children.

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1
Department of Nutrition, Diabetes and Metabolism, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Avenida Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins 340, Santiago 8331150, Chile. aniobregon@gmail.com

Abstract

Mice genetically deficient in the melanocortin-3 receptor gene are characterized by normal body weight, increased body fat, mild hypophagia, reduced locomotor activity, and increased respiratory quotient compared with wild-type mice. In humans, the 6Lys-81Ile haplotype of melanocortin-3 receptor (MC3R) gene has been associated with childhood obesity, higher body fat percentage, and reduced fat oxidation compared to non-carriers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between MC3R 6Lys-81Ile haplotype with body composition and substrate oxidation in response to moderate exercise in obese children. Eight Chilean obese children (aged 8-12) carriers of MC3R 6Lys-81Ile haplotype were compared with eight age-gender-matched obese non-carriers. Children were identified through a previous cross-sectional study on genetic determinants of childhood obesity (n = 229). Genotypes for MC3R Thr6Lys and Val81Ile were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Body composition was assessed by the four-compartment model (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, total body water by the deuterium dilution technique, and total fat mass by air-displacement plethysmography). Substrate oxidation was assessed by indirect calorimetry in response to moderate exercise (60% VO(2 max)). Wilcoxon matched-pairs test was used to compare quantitative variables. No significant differences among carriers and non-carriers were found in anthropometrical and body composition measurements. The Carriers of the 6Lys-81Ile haplotype showed higher respiratory quotient (p = 0.06) and a significantly higher glucose oxidation (p = 0.01) compared with non-carriers after standardization for fat-free mass. Our results are consistent with a possible participation of MC3R 6Lys-81Ile variants in glucose oxidation in response to moderate exercise.

PMID:
21983807
DOI:
10.1007/s13105-011-0120-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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