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Optom Vis Sci. 2011 Dec;88(12):1477-85. doi: 10.1097/OPX.0b013e318235af61.

Multifocal pupillographic assessment of age-related macular degeneration.

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1
ARC Centre of Excellence in Vision Science and Centre for Visual Sciences, Research School of Biology, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia. faran.sabeti@anu.edu.au

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate retinal function in subjects with unilateral exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using multifocal pupillographic objective perimetry (mfPOP) and to assess the diagnostic accuracy of this technique.

METHODS:

We tested each of 20 exudative AMD patients and 20 control subjects with 4 different mfPOP stimulus variants. Multifocal stimuli consisting of 24 or 44 independent stimulus regions per eye extending from fixation to 15° eccentricity were presented dichoptically. The aperiodic stimuli were presented at 1 or 4 s mean intervals. Video cameras recorded pupil responses under infrared illumination. Test duration consisted of 8 segments of 30 s. Stimuli were presented at a luminance of 250 cd/m and a background of 10 cd/m. Peak regional contraction amplitudes, time to peaks, and a linear combination of these were used to produce receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves to measure the diagnostic accuracy of this method.

RESULTS:

Mean constriction amplitudes of exudative AMD subjects were decreased by 0.77 ± 0.15 dB (p < 5 × 10). Stimulus ensembles with 44 regions and faster presentation rates produced the largest effect on response sizes (t = 3.63; p < 0.0002). When comparing the control eyes to exudative AMD eyes, the area under the curve of ROC plots was 0.96 ± 0.03 (mean ± SE). This was achieved for asymmetry analysis of the difference in response amplitudes obtained from the two eyes at each point in the visual field.

CONCLUSIONS:

The mean effect of exudative AMD on contraction amplitudes reflected the severity of disease, and ROC analysis from amplitude deviations improved the sensitivity of detection of exudative AMD. A longitudinal investigation into the mfPOP responses of patients with non-exudative AMD may detect and classify visual fields with poor prognosis.

PMID:
21983122
DOI:
10.1097/OPX.0b013e318235af61
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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