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Hum Gene Ther. 2012 Mar;23(3):321-9. doi: 10.1089/hum.2011.140. Epub 2011 Dec 14.

Versatile and efficient genome editing in human cells by combining zinc-finger nucleases with adeno-associated viral vectors.

Author information

1
Institute of Experimental Hematology, Hannover Medical School, 30625 Hannover, Germany.

Abstract

Zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs) have become a valuable tool for targeted genome engineering. Based on the enzyme's ability to create a site-specific DNA double-strand break, ZFNs promote genome editing by activating the cellular DNA damage response, including homology-directed repair (HDR) and nonhomologous end-joining. The goal of this study was (i) to demonstrate the versatility of combining the ZFN technology with a vector platform based on adeno-associated virus (AAV), and (ii) to assess the toxicity evoked by this platform. To this end, human cell lines that harbor enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) reporters were generated to easily quantify the frequencies of gene deletion, gene disruption, and gene correction. We demonstrated that ZFN-encoding AAV expression vectors can be employed to induce large chromosomal deletions or to disrupt genes in up to 32% of transduced cells. In combination with AAV vectors that served as HDR donors, the AAV-ZFN platform was utilized to correct a mutation in EGFP in up to 6% of cells. Genome editing on the DNA level was confirmed by genotyping. Although cell cycle profiling revealed a modest G2/M arrest at high AAV-ZFN vector doses, platform-induced apoptosis could not be detected. In conclusion, the combined AAV-ZFN vector technology is a useful tool to edit the human genome with high efficiency. Because AAV vectors can transduce many cell types relevant for gene therapy, the ex vivo and in vivo delivery of ZFNs via AAV vectors will be of great interest for the treatment of inherited disorders.

PMID:
21980922
PMCID:
PMC3300077
DOI:
10.1089/hum.2011.140
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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