Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Genes Dev. 2011 Oct 1;25(19):2057-68. doi: 10.1101/gad.17355911.

Translational coregulation of 5'TOP mRNAs by TIA-1 and TIAR.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA. cd@mb.au.dk

Abstract

The response of cells to changes in their environment often requires coregulation of gene networks, but little is known about how this can occur at the post-transcriptional level. An important example of post-transcriptional coregulation is the selective translational regulation in response to growth conditions of mammalian mRNAs that encode protein biosynthesis factors and contain hallmark 5'-terminal oligopyrimidine tracts (5'TOP). However, the responsible trans-factors and the mechanism by which they coregulate 5'TOP mRNAs have remained elusive. Here we identify stress granule-associated TIA-1 and TIAR proteins as key factors in human 5'TOP mRNA regulation, which upon amino acid starvation assemble onto the 5' end of 5'TOP mRNAs and arrest translation at the initiation step, as evidenced by TIA-1/TIAR-dependent 5'TOP mRNA translation repression, polysome release, and accumulation in stress granules. This requires starvation-mediated activation of the GCN2 (general control nonderepressible 2) kinase and inactivation of the mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) signaling pathway. Our findings provide a mechanistic explanation to the long-standing question of how the network of 5'TOP mRNAs are coregulated according to amino acid availability, thereby allowing redirection of limited resources to mount a nutrient deprivation response. This presents a fundamental example of how a group of mRNAs can be translationally coregulated in response to changes in the cellular environment.

Comment in

PMID:
21979918
PMCID:
PMC3197204
DOI:
10.1101/gad.17355911
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center