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Health Care Women Int. 2011 Nov;32(11):972-89. doi: 10.1080/07399332.2011.580405.

Beliefs related to breast cancer and breast cancer screening among Lebanese Armenian women.

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1
Hariri School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon. mb00@aub.edu.lb

Abstract

Our purpose of this article was to investigate women's beliefs about breast cancer, breast cancer screening, and intervention programs. We designed the study using a cross-sectional/descriptive correlation. The participants were drawn from a convenience sample (N=94). The instrument included Champion's Revised Health Belief Model Scale (CHBMS). Analysis was performed using SPSS (2005), 15.0. More than sixty-four percent (64.8%) of women surveyed were over 41. Results showed that 80.9% of women surveyed had heard of breast self-exams (BSEs), while 76.6% had heard of mammography. However, 53.2% never practiced breast self-examinations, and 79.6% never underwent mammography. Mean belief scores follow: low susceptibility (14.32), barriers to BSE (15.24), barriers to mammography (14.85), high seriousness (23.42), benefits to breast self-examination (22.7), confidence (36.45), health motivation (27.27), and benefits to mammography (24.28). Significant relationships included the relationship between barriers to breast self-examination and whether women had heard about breast self-examinations (p=.02); the relationship between susceptibility and whether women had heard of or underwent mammography (p=.027); the relationship between confidence and whether women had heard of mammography (p=.056); the relationship between confidence and perceived financial status (p=.05); and benefits of mammography (p=.05). Appropriate interventions are developed.

PMID:
21978144
DOI:
10.1080/07399332.2011.580405
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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