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Heart Lung. 2012 Jan-Feb;41(1):15-25. doi: 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2011.05.005. Epub 2011 Oct 5.

Effects of home-based rehabilitation on health-related quality of life and psychological status in Chinese patients recovering from acute myocardial infarction.

Author information

1
School of Health Sciences, Macao Polytechnic Institute, Macao, People's Republic of China. wwenru@ipm.edu.mo

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study evaluated the effects of a home-based rehabilitation program for Chinese patients with myocardial infarction in terms of health-related quality of life and psychological status.

METHODS:

This was a randomized, controlled trial with data collected at 2 university-affiliated public general hospitals in Xian (Shaanxi Province, People's Republic of China). One hundred and sixty patients with a myocardial infarction were randomly assigned to either the interventional group (a home-based cardiac rehabilitation program using a self-help manual) or the control group (usual care). Health-related quality of life (generic, Chinese Short Form 36-Item Health Survey; disease-specific, Chinese Myocardial Infarction Dimensional Assessment Scale) and psychological status (the Chinese Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) were measured at baseline, program completion (6 weeks), and 3 and 6 months after hospital discharge.

RESULTS:

Significant differences were evident in the main outcomes when the home-based group was compared with the usual care group at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months. The home-based group had significantly higher scores on 4 of the 8 domains of the Chinese Short Form 36-Item Health Survey and on 3 of the 7 dimensions of the Chinese Myocardial Infarction Dimensional Assessment Scale, with significantly lower scores on the anxiety, but not the depression, subscale of the Chinese Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale.

CONCLUSIONS:

A simple, home-based cardiac rehabilitation program for patients with acute myocardial infarction, using a self-help manual, improves health-related quality of life and reduces anxiety. It appears feasible and acceptable, and does not produce inferior outcomes compared with usualcare in China.

PMID:
21974926
DOI:
10.1016/j.hrtlng.2011.05.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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