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J Psychoactive Drugs. 1990 Apr-Jun;22(2):149-58.

Treating crack cocaine dependence: the critical role of relapse prevention.

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African-American Studies Department, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York, New York 10019.


In order to adequately address the treatment needs of crack cocaine dependent persons, a multidimensional approach to relapse prevention must be utilized. The value of a biopsychosocial model of crack addiction and the concept of phases of recovery in providing a rationale for the recommended approach to relapse prevention are emphasized. Research findings on the determinants of relapse for crack dependent patients and the psychosocial characteristics of the crack dependent individual justify the utility of certain relapse prevention strategies. Specifically, an approach to relapse is advocated that includes the provision of pharmacological adjuncts, psychoeducation on the multideterminants of relapse, and psychotherapy that attempts to remediate underlying psychological problems that are typically found in crack dependent patients.

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