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Nat Commun. 2011 Oct 4;2:491. doi: 10.1038/ncomms1500.

Phosphatidylinositol(4,5)bisphosphate coordinates actin-mediated mobilization and translocation of secretory vesicles to the plasma membrane of chromaffin cells.

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The University of Queensland, Queensland Brain Institute and School of Biomedical Sciences, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia.


Neurosecretory vesicles undergo docking and priming before Ca(2+)-dependent fusion with the plasma membrane. Although de novo synthesis of phosphatidylinositol(4,5)bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P(2)) is required for exocytosis, its precise contribution is still unclear. Here we show that inhibition of the p110δ isoform of PI3-kinase by IC87114 promotes a transient increase in PtdIns(4,5)P(2), leading to a potentiation of exocytosis in chromaffin cells. We then exploit this pathway to examine the effect of a transient PtdIns(4,5)P(2) increase on neurosecretory vesicles behaviour, outside the context of a secretagogue stimulation. Our results demonstrate that a rise in PtdIns(4,5)P(2) is sufficient to promote the mobilization and recruitment of secretory vesicles to the plasma membrane via Cdc42-mediated actin reorganization. PtdIns(4,5)P(2), therefore, orchestrates the actin-based conveyance of secretory vesicles to the plasma membrane.

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