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Am J Physiol. 1979 Jan;236(1):F1-8.

Sodium-coupled chloride transport by epithelial tissues.


There is compelling evidence that active Cl absorption by a variety of epithelia, widely distributed throughout the animal kingdom, is the result of an electrically neutral Na-coupled transport process at the luminal membrane and that the energy for transcellular Cl movement is derived from the Na gradient across that barrier. These co-transport processes are found predominantly in "leaky" or "moderately leaky" epithelia and permit these tissues to absorb Na and Cl with high degrees of efficacy. In addition, there is a growing body of evidence that cyclic AMP and Ca-induced electrogenic Cl secretion by a wide variety of epithelia may involve electrically neutral, Na-coupled Cl entry across the contraluminal membrane and that the energy for these secretory processes is derived from the Na-gradient across that barrier. A model for electrogenic Cl secretion that accounts for the available data is presented.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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