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J Med Chem. 2011 Oct 27;54(20):7184-92. doi: 10.1021/jm200712h. Epub 2011 Oct 4.

Design, synthesis, and evaluation of a novel dual FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3/stem cell factor receptor (FLT3/c-KIT) inhibitor for the treatment of acute myelogenous leukemia.

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Vertex Pharmaceuticals Inc., 130 Waverly Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, United States.


A high-throughput screen of our compound archive revealed a novel class of dual FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3)/c-KIT inhibitors. With the help of molecular modeling, this class was rapidly optimized for both potency against FLT3 and FLT3/c-KIT and excellent potency in cell-based assays, leading to dose-dependent cell death in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) patient blast samples. Ultimately, the AML patient blast data defined the preferred target profile as we designed and evaluated a set of FLT3 selective and FLT3/c-KIT dual molecules. Further optimization for pharmacokinetic properties resulted in the selection of the dual FLT3/c-KIT inhibitor, N(3)-(4-(trans-4-morpholinocyclohexyl)phenyl)-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-3,5-diamine, VX-322 (compound 37), to move forward to preclinical evaluation.

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