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Int J Biochem Mol Biol. 2011;2(2):168-182. Epub 2011 Apr 22.

Class II phosphoinositide 3-kinase C2alpha: what we learned so far.

Author information

1
Queen Mary University of London, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Blizard Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, Centre for Diabetes Inositide Signalling Group, London El 2AT UK.

Abstract

More than fifteen years after the first identification of a class II isoform of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) in Drosophila melanoǵaster this subfamily remains the most enigmatic among all PI3Ks. What are the functions of these enzymes? What are their mechanisms of activation? Which downstream effectors are specifically regulated by these isoforms? Are class I and class II PI3Ks redundant or do they control different intracellular processes? And, more important, do class II PI3Ks have a role in human diseases? The recent increased interest on class II PI3Ks has started providing some answers to these questions but still a lot needs to be done to completely uncover the contribution of these enzymes to physiological processes and possibly to pathological conditions. Here we will summarise the recent findings on the alpha isoform of mammalian class II PI3Ks (PI3K-C2α ) and we will discuss the potential involvement of this enzyme in human diseases.

PMID:
21968800
PMCID:
PMC3180093

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